The uneven quality of education is not only a national level issue but is also experienced by DKI Jakarta, which is also the country’s capital. The current condition shows the limited capacity of public schools and the excessive capacity of private schools. Public schools on average have superior quality, while private schools are dominated by schools with poor quality (underperforming). The superior private schools have limited capacity and are expensive, on the contrary, the less superior schools have excess capacity, limited quality of facilities and infrastructure, and low cost.
The government does not have the ability to provide educational services for all school-age children (limited state school capacity). Therefore, the role of private schools is very important to participate in providing education services.